At the southernmost tip of Bolivia, bordering Chile and Argentina, the Eduardo Avaroa Andean Fauna National Reserve is an otherworldly looking protected area ranging in altitude between 4,200m (13,800 feet) and 5,400m (17,700 feet). It’s an extreme landscape of puna desert, active volcanos, hot springs, geysers, saline lakes, sulphur clouds and surreal wind-hewn rock formations.

Brightly coloured lakes are home to three of the world’s six flamingo species – Chilean, Andean and James – while in the desert you may spot elusive mammals such as pumas, Andean foxes, rabbit-like viscachas and wild vicuñas. There are also isolated and hardy communities and their herds of llamas and alpacas.

For the adventurous, it makes for a breathtaking stop while en route between the Salar de Uyuni and the San Pedro de Atacama in Chile or the Argentine Puna.